a solo exhibition @ SMART OBJECTS
Growing up in The Bronx , the sidewalks and streets were our playground. As a child, my dad would often take my brother and me to play in the nicer parks of Manhattan. From a young age, I realized that these parks were meant for white children. I quickly learned to find the beauty I longed for in the place where I lived – in the flowers that sprouted through the cracks of the sidewalk.
I currently live in my childhood home, a high-rise apartment complex built in the Brutalist architectural style. Its architect, Paul Rudolph, had left the raw concrete material visible; what was a futuristic and minimal aesthetic to him felt like prison complex to me. Coming from this background, I am very aware of the way my environment has played an important role in my life. Understanding and interrogating spaces have, therefore, become very important to my experience and work.
Environmental racism, in particular, is an integral part of this show. Lauren Pulido, in her essay, Rethinking Environmental Racism: White Privilege and Urban Development in Southern California (2000), argues that racism is not only present in people, but also physically built into the structures of our landscape. She speaks about the ways in which race can manifest in various realms: language, psyche, and social structures. This text was important for me because it confirmed the way I have felt my entire life. Growing up, there was always a sense of where I did and did not belong; this extended to public parks, and even the sidewalks in white neighborhoods. Pulido states:
Since landscapes are artifacts of past and present racisms, they embody generations of sociospatial relations, what might be called the “sedimentations of racial inequality” (Oliver and Shapiro 1995:5). Similarly white privilege, as a form of racism, is spatially expressed; indeed it is partially contingent upon a particular set of spatial arrangements (Pulido 2000).
Being pushed into a particular space does not allow us to see what is outside of us. Within this, black people can re-imagine and re-shape their environment.